What are Ortho Biologics?
Ortho Biologics are natural substances such as cells, tissue, blood components and growth factors that are harnessed to aid in the treatment of orthopedic injuries or conditions. They may be used to replace lost tissue, stimulate regeneration and healing, reduce pain and inflammation and improve joint function.
Ortho Biologics may be obtained from your own body or from a donor. They may be administered in the form of injections or may require a surgical procedure. They may be used alone as conservative treatment or following orthopedic surgery to enhance results.
What are the Conditions Treated by Ortho Biologics?
- Ortho Biologics can be used to treat:
- Articular cartilage injuries
- Early osteoarthritis
- Ligament injuries
- Tendon injuries
When are Ortho Biologics recommended?
Ortho Biologics are recommended when rest, medications and physical therapy do not relieve symptoms and joint replacement surgery is not indicated. It may also be recommended following spine surgery.
Types of Ortho Biologics
The different types of Ortho Biologics include:
- Platelet rich plasma (PRP): PRP is obtained from your own blood after it has been processed to concentrate platelets and certain white blood cells that enhance healing and reduce inflammation. PRP may be injected directly into the damaged tissue during an outpatient procedure or following repair surgery.
- Bone marrow concentrate (BMC): BMC is obtained after processing bone marrow that is removed from your pelvic bone. BMC is rich in stem cells, which produce proteins and growth factors necessary for healing and reducing inflammation.
- Micro Adipose Grafts: Adipose tissue or fat cells have remarkable healing and regenerative properties. Micro adipose grafts are typically obtained from your waist, processed to remove impurities and inflammatory components, and then injected at the site of injury.
- Amniotic Membrane: Amniotic membrane can reduce inflammation and promote healing in tissues due to their cellular content and presence of hyaluronic acid. Amniotic membrane supports the fetus in the womb. It is obtained from a consenting healthy donor following an elective cesarean section delivery. The amniotic membranes are carefully screened before use. They are available as injections or patches.